If sea is something that attracts you intensively and you want to be attached to it throughout your life and make it a part of your daily routine then the Merchant navy is the best option for you.
Doing what you love and living the life of your choice is a precious thing to have and the Merchant navy is the exact field for sea enthusiasts.
It can be your dream job in every aspect whether it is economically, socially or personally.
This is also considered a field full of adventures and journeys. Therefore, any individual who is interested in making his dream job reality can join the Merchant Navy.
One can join it even after 10th but it is always beneficial for the long term to join after 12th.
In this article, we will be discussing every aspect of joining Merchant Navy after 12th which includes eligibility criteria, courses available, entrance exams, salary packages and nature of jobs you will get.
(i) One should be unmarried at the time of joining.
(ii) He/she should have PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Math) as optional subjects in 10+2.
(iii) He/she must have an aggregate of 60 % minimum in PCM in class 12th from any affiliated board.
(iv)One has to clear entrance exams like IMU-CET, MERI Entrance Exam or TMISAT.
(v)The age of the candidate should lie between 17 to 25 years.
(vi) He/she should be physically fit and must have an eye vision of 6/6 for both eyes. (However, for B.Tech in Marine Engineering, up to +-2.5 is allowed)
IMU-CET is conducted by Indian Maritime University after qualifying which a candidate can pursue UG or PG programs under the below courses to be able to join Merchant Navy.
IMU has its five campuses in Chennai, Cochin, Kolkata, Mumbai, and Vishakhapatnam.
IMU-CET is an online examination with 200 MCQ questions. You have to clear cut off of the course you want admission in to take part in the counseling process through which College will be allotted to you. The questions will be asked from Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, GK, English, and aptitude. Time of 3 hours is allotted for this exam and no negative marking is done. You can read further information from the official website of Indian Maritime University http://www.imu.edu.in
Apart from IMU-CET, other exams like JEE, MERI Entrance Exam, TMISAT, WBJEE; CUSAT CAT can also act as gateways to enter Merchant Navy. Some of these are entrance exams of well affiliated private colleges.
- MERI (Marine Engineering and Research Institute) conducts its entrance exam for admission in this college. It has its campus in Kolkata and Navy Mumbai. You can visit http://meri.edu.in/ for further information.
- TMI SAT: This is the entrance exam for B.Tech in Marine Engineering and Nautical Technology, Diploma in Nautical Science (DNS) or B.Sc. in Nautical science from Tolani Maritime Institute. Qualifying in this exam requires the candidate’s 10+2 marks, IMUCET score and score of TMI online exam.
- JEE: Candidate can appear for JEE Mains exam to join Indian Navy. Only unmarried male candidates are eligible for this Indian Navy B.Tech Entry scheme. Selected candidates based on their JEE score will be shortlisted for interviews by the Service Selection Board (SSB). An aggregate of 70 % in PCM is required in 10+2 to be eligible to give this entrance examination.
NOTE: Candidate can have a lateral entry in the 2nd year of Marine Engineering if he/she has completed the first year from Electrical or Mechanical Engineering with at least 60% aggregate.
After clearing IMU-CET or any of the above-mentioned examinations, the candidate can pursue these courses depending upon their preferences, the score of the exam and the cut off of the course you want to pursue. Here is the list of popular and recommended courses to join Merchant Navy –
- Sc. Nautical Science (3 years)
- E Petroleum engineering (4 years)
- Sc. marine catering (3 years)
- Electrotechnical Officer Course (4-5 months)
- E. Marine engineering (4 years)
- E. Naval Architecture and Offshore Engineering (4 years)
- E. Mechanical engineering (4 years)
- E. Civil Engineering (4 years)
- E. Harbour & Ocean Engineering (4 years)
- DNS (Diploma in Nautical Science) (1 year)
There are also some PG courses that you can pursue further to join the Merchant Navy. These are –
- MBA in Port and Shipping Management ( 2 years)
- MBA in International Transportation and Logistics Management (2 years)
- Tech in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering (2 years)
- Tech in Dredging and Harbour Engineering ( 2 years)
- PG Diploma in Marine Engineering (PGDME)
All these courses cover basic as well as advanced topics which are useful for Marine life. Some of these are Voyage planning and collision prevention, Ship operation technology, maritime law, naval architecture, marine machines, and system designs, etc.
Merchant navy is full of opportunities therefore after pursuing these courses, a candidate can easily get hired in Cargo ships, container ships, tankers, bulk carriers, etc.
candidates are hired for mainly three departments- the engine, the deck, and the service and trained employees are hired for these so that they can handle the ship efficiently.
After completing B.Sc. in Nautical science, cadets have to clear multiple selection procedures which include a written exam conducted by UPSC, medical tests and then physical tests.
Thereafter, he/she would be selected for Deck officer, Nautical surveyor, Scuba driver, the second and third officer, captain, marine superintendent, radio officer, etc.
Candidates can opt higher studies also after B.Sc. in Nautical Science to get better posts. Similarly, after completing Marine engineering, the candidate can go for Marine officer, Deck cadet, port captain, Chief engineer, etc.
Here is the list of salary packages as an average for different posts in the Merchant Navy.
Deck cadet: $320 – $500
Third officer: $2700 – $4200
Second officer: $3500 – $ 4800
Captain: $9500 – $15000
Electrical officer: $2800 – $4200
Chief engineer: $12000 – $14000
Second engineer: $4200 – $7000
Third engineer: $2300 – $4300
However, the salary and other benefits vary with the company and country. It also depends on the contract and other factors.
- What if you don’t have PCM in 10+2
It is a basic question that can come to your mind if you have done 10+2 with commerce, arts or any other field than PCM. Since the eligibility includes PCM as subjects in 10+2, it is possible to directly follow above steps to join Merchant navy but still, if you want a career in Merchant navy with PCM as your subjects in 10+2 you can go for GP rating course.
This is a small term course of three months and will allow you to act as a cadet or seaman in the ship.
There are other courses also that you can pursue like the NCV Deck cadet course and commercial diving course which can lead you to the Merchant navy. If you are still not satisfied with the options, you can go for 10+2 again with PCM as your subjects but keep in mind the age limit and other requirements for the post.
7. Can A Female Join Merchant Navy
Females who satisfy eligibility criteria can also join the Merchant Navy.
Job environment of Merchant Navy
Merchant navy is a popular option due to its real-time challenges, handsome salary packages, and hassle-free routine and long journeys.
Also, no tax on salary is another advantage associated with this. No pays for food and lodging are also provided.
But these are just one side of the lifestyle you will get in the Merchant navy field. Homesickness, long and bore voyages are some of the disadvantages.
But overall, joining the merchant navy is a great career option.